How is shale gas refined?

How is shale gas refined?

4.1 Refining of shale oil Shale oil once extracted is processed and refined into more useful products. This process of refining shale oil may be done by distillation, cracking, pyrolysis, chemical treatment or filtering. Reheating helps in using the input energy more efficiently.

Can the US refine shale oil?

Shale oil has a refining problem, and Morgan Stanley thinks investors can profit. U.S. shale oil output is surging, but American refineries can’t process much more of the light crude, according to Morgan Stanley.

Can shale oil be refined into gasoline?

Most shale oil is well suited for the production of gasoline and thus one might have expected that this additional supply of light sweet crude would have been easily absorbed by U.S. refiners. In fact, however, the surge in shale oil production caught the U.S. refining industry off guard.

How is kerogen extracted?

The traditional experimental approaches to extract kerogen from oil shale include differential wettability, sink-float separations, chemical methods and pyrolysis [1], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]. Differential wettability methods are based on the principle of differential wetting of kerogen and minerals.

Is shale gas a crude oil?

Shale oil is a synthetic crude oil produced by retorting oil shale and is the pyrolysis product of the organic matter (kerogen) contained in it.

Does U.S. refine heavy crude?

Most of the crude oil produced in the United States is refined in U.S. refineries along with imported crude oil to make petroleum products. For data on U.S. domestic (field) crude oil production, imports, exports, and refinery inputs of crude oil see U.S. Petroleum Supply and Disposition.

What kind of oil do U.S. refineries use?

crude oil
Therefore, many U.S. refiners are configured generally to process heavy crude oil. Shifting purely to light crude oil could underserve some product markets and idle (or even strand) the hundreds of billions of dollars invested in refinery conversion capacity.

Can cars run on shale gas?

Low Octane: The Surprising Reason Shale Oil Makes a Poor Fuel for High-Tech Cars and Trucks.

What is the difference between kerogen and bitumen?

Kerogen comprises both pyrolyzable carbon as well as inert carbon that has no petroleum-generation potential. Bitumen is defined by the fraction of organics that is nonvolatile at pyrolysis conditions but soluble in organic solvents.

How does kerogen affect the creation of oil and gas?

Kerogen is a waxy, insoluble organic substance that forms when organic shale is buried under several layers of sediment and is heated. If this kerogen is continually heated, it leads to the slow release of fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas, and also the non-fuel carbon compound graphite.

Is shale the same as fracking?

Shale oil refers to hydrocarbons that are trapped in formations of shale rock. Fracking is a process that oil companies use to drill down into the layers of shale and open up the rock formations so that oil can be extracted.

Can shale oil and gas be processed and refined?

In our study we have focused on exploring „processing and refining‟ of shale oil and gas. For years, oil and gas companies have known liquid oil is locked up in shale formations. Using advanced drilling techniques companies are now able to recover the liquid oil from great depths.

What is the future of shale oil and gas?

It is predicted, in a report of PWC, that global shale oil production has the potential to reach up to 14 million barrels of oil per day by 2035; this amounts to 12% of the world‟s total oil supply.1 The below value chain is associated with shale oil and gas.

Why are patent filings in shale oil and gas on the rise?

The uptrend in filing from 2005 in shale oil and gas can be attributed to the increase in focus towards the alternative energy sources and development of new technologies to refine shale oil and gas. Chinese companies have drastically increased patent filings.

Which Chinese companies are filing aggressively in the field of shale oil/gas?

A number of Chinese companies like CNPC, Chengda Hongsheng E nergy Co., Ltd. are filing aggressively in the field of refining of shale oil and gas. Page | 5 Shale Oil & Gas: A Study on Refining