Who takes the primary responsibility for mine action?
United Nations mine action is carried out in the field under the overall coordination of the Senior United Nations Official and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT)20.
What are the pillars of mine action?
Mine risk education (also known as mine awareness); • Victim assistance, including rehabilitation and reintegration; • Stockpile destruction; and • Advocacy against the use of anti-personnel landmines. Together with demining, these are known as the “five pillars” of mine action.
What is the acronym for landmine?
CISR: Frequently used acronyms
|anti-personnel landmine agency
|AntiPersoonsmijn- en OntmijningsProductOntwikkeling
What is a landmine and how does it work?
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
What is humanitarian mine action?
Mine action is a combination of humanitarian aid and development studies that aims to remove landmines and reduce the social, economic and environmental impact of them and the explosive remnants of war (ERW).
What is mine risk education?
As noted in the Introduction, the term “mine risk education” refers to “activities. which seek to reduce the risk of injury from mines/unexploded ordnance by raising awareness. and promoting behavioural change, including public information dissemination, education. and training, and community mine action liaison.”
Why are mines called mines?
A mine is an explosive placed underground or underwater that explodes when disturbed, or when remotely triggered. The term originated from the use of mining to go under the enemy’s city walls.
What is the acronym IED?
Improvised explosive deviceImprovised explosive device / Full name
An improvised explosive device (IED) attack is the use of a “homemade” bomb and/or destructive device to destroy, incapacitate, harass, or distract. IEDs are used by criminals, vandals, terrorists, suicide bombers, and insur- gents.
How are landmines installed?
Landmines are easy to make, cheap and effective weapons that can be deployed easily over large areas to prevent enemy movements. Mines are typically placed in the ground by hand, but there are also mechanical minelayers that can plow the earth and drop and bury mines at specific intervals.
How are landmines activated?
They can be activated by direct pressure from above, by pressure put on a wire or filament attached to a pull switch, or even simply by the proximity of a person within a predetermined distance. Antipersonnel landmines claim victims across the globe each day.