Which bacteria are mainly responsible for the biological removal of phosphorus?

Which bacteria are mainly responsible for the biological removal of phosphorus?

For several years, Acinetobacter sp. were reported to be the organism primarily responsible for EBPR (Crocetti et al., 2000; Li et al., 2003; Nguyen et al., 2011). Their function as a PAO was later disproved and Accumulibacter was identified as the PAO most commonly dominant in EBPR systems.

What bacteria eats phosphorus?

Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) are beneficial bacteria capable of solubilizing inorganic phosphorus from insoluble compounds. P-solubilization ability of rhizosphere microorganisms is considered to be one of the most important traits associated with plant phosphate nutrition.

How do polyphosphate accumulating organisms work?

Polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (PAOs) are a group of bacteria that, under certain conditions, facilitate the removal of large amounts of phosphorus from wastewater in a process, called enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR).

Why does phosphorus need to be removed from wastewater?

Phosphorus removal during wastewater treatment is vital to ensuring public safety and protecting the environment. Removal of this nutrient from waste streams is key to preventing eutrophication – a natural process inciting algae blooms.

What is the most common type of phosphorus removal system?

Chemical treatment is the most common method used for phosphorus removal to meet effluent concentrations below 1.0 mg/L.

Which bacteria is commonly found in anaerobic sludge during sewage treatment?

The qualitative analysis of sewage and sludge samples showed the presence of 12 bacterial species belonging to 5 genera: Actinomyces, Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus. In the sewage sludge, among isolated species, Clostridium perfringens was identified.

How microbes influence the sludge age?

As microorganisms’ populations multiply, excess solids (microorganisms) must be removed (wasted). If excess solids are not removed, the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) and sludge age will increase and process efficiency will be lowered. Sludge settling rates are affected.

How phosphorus is removed from wastewater?

Chemical Precipitation This is the process most often used to remove phosphorus from water. It normally involves using iron and aluminum coagulants. Sometimes calcium hydroxide or lime is used. When the chemicals are put into the wastewater during the primary sedimentation process, this is called pre-precipitation.

How is phosphorus treated in wastewater?

Phosphorus removal from wastewater can be achieved either through chemical removal, advanced biological treatment or a combination of both. The chemical removal of phosphorus involves the addition of calcium, iron and aluminium salts to achieve phosphorus precipitation by various mechanisms which are discussed.

How is phosphorus removed from wastewater?

Chemical precipitation is used to remove the inorganic forms of phosphate by the addition of a coagulant and a mixing of wastewater and coagulant. The multivalent metal ions most commonly used are calcium, aluminium and iron.

How is soluble phosphorus removed?

Chemical treatment for phosphorus removal involves the addition of metal salts to react with soluble phosphate to form solid precipitates that are removed by solids separation processes including clarification and filtration.