When was specific phobia first diagnosed?
The diagnosis of phobic reaction was described in two short paragraphs in the first edition of the American Psychiatric Association DSM in 1952,24 which stated that “the commonly observed forms of phobic reaction include fear of syphilis, dirt, closed places, high places, open places, animals, etc.
What are the dsm5 criteria for specific phobia?
DSM-5 Criteria for a Specific Phobia Diagnosis This guide provides diagnostic criteria for specific phobia from the American Psychiatric Association:3. Unreasonable, excessive fear: The person exhibits excessive or unreasonable, persistent and intense fear triggered by a specific object or situation.
What is the history of phobias?
Social anxiety was first described by Hippocrates as “shyness” in early 400 B.C. People who “love darkness as life” and “thinks every man observes him” fell into this category. The term “phobia” for fear or terror was coined by the Greeks long ago.
What is the definition of a specific phobia?
Specific phobia is an intense, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. Although adults with phobias may realize that these fears are irrational, even thinking about facing the feared object or situation brings on severe anxiety symptoms.
Are phobias in the DSM?
Specific phobia is a DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.) diagnosis assigned to individuals who suffer from intense fear or anxiety when exposed to specific objects or situations.
How common is a diagnosis of specific phobia?
The lifetime prevalence estimates for specific phobias range from 6% to 23%, making them the most common anxiety disorder and among the most common psychiatric disorders in the community.
What is fear in DSM?
Who discovered specific phobia?
1960s: British psychiatrist Isaac Marks proposed that social phobias be considered a distinct category separate from other simple phobias.
What are the four specific types of phobias?
- Animal phobias. Such as dogs, insects, snakes or rodents.
- Phobias of the natural environment. Such as heights, water, darkness, storms or germs.
- Situational phobias. Such as flying, going to the dentist, tunnels, small spaces or escalators.
- Body-based phobias.
- Sexual phobias.
- Other phobias.
How is specific phobia diagnosed?
Diagnosis of specific phobias is based on a thorough clinical interview and diagnostic guidelines. Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and take a medical, psychiatric and social history.
What is the DSM 5 criteria for a specific phobia?
DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for a Specific Phobia. A specific phobia is an intense and irrational fear of a specified object or situation. This anxiety disorder affects about 19 million adults and women are two times more likely than men to have a specific phobia.
What is the history of phobias in the DSM?
In the 1960s Marks and colleagues observed that the various phobias had different ages of onset and gender distribution and this provided the initial impetus for the split of phobias into agoraphobia, social and specific phobia; this was later adopted by the 3rd edition of the DSM and continued until the current DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR.
What is the epidemiology of DSM-IV specific phobia in the USA?
The epidemiology of DSM-IV specific phobia in the USA: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Psychol Med2007; 37: 1047–59. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 24. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1952.
What is a specific phobia?
A specific phobia is an intense and irrational fear of a specified object or situation. This anxiety disorder affects about 19 million adults and women are two times more likely than men to have a specific phobia.