What style of music is in C Terry Riley?
In this way, although the melodic content of each part is predetermined, In C has elements of aleatoric music to it. The performance directions state that the musical ensemble should try to stay within two to three phrases of each other. The phrases must be played in order, although some may be skipped.
Who is a minimalist composer?
The most prominent minimalist composers are John Adams, Louis Andriessen, Philip Glass, Steve Reich, Terry Riley, and La Monte Young. Others who have been associated with this compositional approach include Gavin Bryars, Michael Nyman, Michael Parsons, Howard Skempton, Dave Smith, and John White.
Who composed in C?
Terry RileyIn C / ComposerTerrence Mitchell Riley, is an American composer and performing musician best known as a pioneer of the minimalist school of composition. Influenced by jazz and Indian classical music, his music became notable for its innovative use of repetition, tape music techniques, and delay systems. Wikipedia
What was minimalism a reaction against in Western classical music?
Like minimalism in art, minimalism in music came of age in the 1960s as a reaction against the extraordinary complexity, density, and difficulty of the modernist music of composers like Pierre Boulez, Milton Babbitt, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Elliott Carter.
What is the purpose of minimalist music?
As an aesthetic, it is marked by a non-narrative, non-teleological, and non-representational conception of a work in progress, and represents a new approach to the activity of listening to music by focusing on the internal processes of the music, which lack goals or motion toward those goals.
Why was in C written Terry Riley?
In works like Mescalin Mix, Riley had discovered what looping could do in his music. “In C” was an attempt to transfer the idea of loops into live music. Instead of having a piece of tape going round and round, a loop would be constructed by having a musician repeat a phrase over and over again.
Who is the best minimalist composer?
John Coolidge Adams is one of the many composers associated with the minimalist movement; Riley, Reich, Glass, and Adams are perhaps the genre’s four most iconic figures.
When was Terry Riley born?
June 24, 1935 (age 86 years)Terry Riley / Date of birth
What is the characteristic of minimalism?
Flat rather than skeuomorphic patterns and textures. Use of a limited or monochromatic color palette. Strictly limited features and graphic elements. Maximized negative space.
What are the main characteristics of minimalist music?
Features of minimalist music
- a complex contrapuntal texture.
- broken chords (where the notes of a chord are played singly rather than together)
- slow harmonic changes.
- melodic cells (the use of fragmentary ideas)
- note addition (where notes are added to a repeated phrase)
Is in C minimalism?
While the term minimalism evokes disciplinarians in black rollneck jumpers, the enduring spirit of In C is anything but: it snatches the baton from the composer and hands it to the musicians. Riley recalls recording a version with the Shanghai Film Orchestra in the 1980s.
What is the genre of in C by Terry Riley?
In C is a musical piece composed by Terry Riley in 1964 for an indefinite number of performers. He suggests “a group of about 35 is desired if possible but smaller or larger groups will work”. A series of short melodic fragments, In C is often cited as the first minimalist composition…
What is minimalism in art?
In 1965, the art critic Richard Wollheim coined the term “minimal art” to describe art that reduced its materials and forms to fundamentals, art that was no longer intended to express the feelings or state of mind of the artist, an impersonal art that no longer attempted to be a window onto another world but referred only to itself.
What is the problem with the music of Ernest Riley?
Riley’s problem is that he is the composer of perhaps the defining work of what has become known as minimalist music. In C, the groundbreaking piece he first performed on 4 November 1964, may have become an “ism” but it is no artefact: for its 50th anniversary, tributes and reinterpretations keep coming.