What kind of animals live in Borneo?

What kind of animals live in Borneo?

Borneo and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together. The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, and Bornean elephant.

What other animals live with orangutans?

The tropical rainforests where Sumatran orangutans live are also home to other spectacular species including rare Sumatran tigers, Sumatran elephants, and Sumatran rhinoceroses.

How many species of animals are there in Borneo?

Borneo is estimated to be home to around 222 mammals (including 44 endemic – meaning they are not found anywhere else in the world), 420 birds (37 endemic), 100 amphibians and 394 fish (19 endemic).

What is the national animal of Borneo?

Orang Utan (Pongo pygmaeus) is among the most iconic animals of Borneo and the flagship of rainforest conservation in South-East Asia.

What reptiles live in Borneo?

In Borneo, you can find a wide variety of other reptiles including many species of turtles, tortoises, freshwater terrapins, and lizards. Gharials are often confused with crocodiles. They are characterized by their long and thin snout.

What type of ecosystem is Borneo?

tropical ecosystems
Borneo’s tropical ecosystems range from montane rainforests to lowland forests, peat swamps, mangroves and coral reefs.

What habitat do orangutans live in?

Orangutans are found only in the rain forests of the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo and Sumatra. They spend nearly their entire lives in trees—swinging in tree tops and building nests for sleep.

How many species are there in Borneo rainforest?

15,000 species
The Borneo rainforest is the oldest rainforest in the world, and one of the most biodiverse. There are about 15,000 species of flowering plants with 3,000 species of trees (267 species are dipterocarps), 221 species of terrestrial mammals and 420 species of resident birds in Borneo.

What is the most common animal in Borneo?

These forests provide food and shelter for mammals ranging from the large armour-plated Sumatran rhino and the pygmy elephant, to up to 13 species of primates including orang-utans and proboscis monkeys. With around 90 different species, bats are the most common mammals found in Borneo’s rainforests.

What crocodiles live in Borneo?

The Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) is a medium-sized freshwater crocodile native to Indonesia (Borneo and possibly Java), Brunei, East Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The species is critically endangered and already extirpated from many regions.

What type of forest is Borneo?

The Borneo lowland rain forests is an ecoregion, within the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome, of the large island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

What is Borneo known for?

Borneo is also home to the famous Bornean pygmy elephant and the Bornean sun bear, which are both the smallest elephant and bear species in the world respectively. Being the largest island in all of Asia and the third largest in the world, it’s ironic that Borneo is home to some of the ‘smallest’ mammals in the world.

1 Borneo orangutan. One of the most iconic animals of Borneo, the Orangutan is also one of the most threatened. 2 Proboscis monkey. 3 Pig-tailed macaque. 4 Borneo pygmy elephant. 5 Sunda Clouded leopard. 6 Marbled Cat. 7 Sunda Leopard cat. 8 Malayan sun bear. 9 Maroon langur. 10 Sunda Colugo.

What animals live in the Bornean rainforest?

The Bornean rainforests provide shelter to such unique species as pygmy elephants, flying squirrels, and proboscis monkeys. The proboscis monkey and its baby, a unique, endemic species of Borneo.

How many species of arthropods are there in Borneo?

Just the arthropod fauna of Borneo’s lowland forests has been estimated at 3,000 species, with Hymenoptera (sawflies, wasps, bees, and ants), Coleoptera (beetles), flies ( Diptera) and true bugs ( Hemiptera) showing the most species and largest population sizes. as mutualists (an interaction between two species where both derive benefit).

How many species of snakes are there in Borneo?

Rather than attempt to discuss every snake native to Borneo – around 160 species – we will opt for a broad overview. The vast majority are totally harmless. The island is home to 24 venomous snakes, 19 of which are aquatic. The most venomous is the yellow-lipped sea krait, and they live off eels and small fish.