What is uterine malformation?

What is uterine malformation?

A uterine malformation is a type of female genital tract malformation resulting from abnormal development of the Müllerian duct(s) during embryogenesis preventing the formation of a normal uterus. Uterine malformations occur due to a birth defect.

How common are uterine malformations?

Congenital uterine anomalies occur in less than 5% of all women, but have been noted in up to 25% of women who have had miscarriages and/or deliveries of premature babies. When a woman is in her mother’s womb, her uterus develops as two separate halves that fuse together before she is born.

How are uterine abnormalities diagnosed?

Multiple imaging modalities exist to diagnose the presence of uterine anomalies. These include 2-dimensional (2D) ultrasound, 3D transvaginal ultrasound, saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS), hysterosalpingography (HSG), diagnostic hysteroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What are the causes of uterine abnormalities?

Aquired uterine abnormalities Examples include endometrial polyps, intrauterine adhesions, and uterine fibroids. These conditions frequently cause symptoms – such as increasingly severe menstrual cramps, heavier or irregular vaginal bleeding, or changes in bowel or bladder function.

How is abnormal uterus treated?

Many women with uterine anomalies do not require treatment. If pain, miscarriage, or infertility is an issue, a physician may recommend correcting the anomaly surgically. Most cases of uterine anomalies can be corrected through minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy.

Can ultrasound detect uterine abnormalities?

It has been shown that conventional transvaginal 2-dimensional sonography is a good screening tool for the detection of uterine anomalies and has high sensitivity (90%–92%) for uterine anomalies8–11 in adult women.

What are some uterus diseases?

Related Health Topics

  • Cervical Cancer.
  • Cervix Disorders.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Hysterectomy.
  • Pelvic Floor Disorders.
  • Uterine Cancer.
  • Uterine Fibroids.
  • Vaginal Bleeding.

Can uterine abnormalities be cured?

Treatment of uterine anomalies Most cases of uterine anomalies can be corrected through minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy. In the instance of a unicornuate uterus, an obstructed hemi-uterus can be removed if the other side of the uterus is intact and functional.

Why are uterine malformations important?

Background: Common uterine anomalies are important owing to their impact on fertility, and complex mesonephric anomalies and certain Müllerian malformations are particularly important because they cause serious clinical symptoms and affect woman’s quality of life, in addition to creating fertility problems.

What are the different types of uterine malformations?

Uterine malformations can be classified into three main groups, (1) formation defects, (2) fusion defects, and (3) septal absorption defects (Jacquinet et al., 2016 ). The actual prevalence of uterine malformations has been difficult to evaluate because some defects may be considered normal variants of uterine anatomy, for example, arcuate uterus.

What are uterine anomalies?

Uterine anomalies range from a small septum extending from the dorsal wall of the uterus to complete duplication of the uterus and cervix. Zer Vue,

What is the prognosis of a uterine malformation during pregnancy?

A uterine malformation increases the risk of fetal malpresentation, spontaneous abortion and pre-term labour by four times (Llewellyn-Jones 1990).