What is the 1954 Refugee Convention?

What is the 1954 Refugee Convention?

The 1954 Statelessness Convention provides practical solutions for States to address the particular needs of stateless persons that guarantee their security and dignity until their situation can be resolved.

What is the importance of the convention on statelessness?

The 1961 Convention aims to prevent statelessness and reduce it over time. It establishes an international framework to ensure the right of every person to a nationality. It requires that states establish safeguards in their nationality laws to prevent statelessness at birth and later in life.

What does the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons aim to achieve select the correct answer option?

The 1954 Convention attempts to resolve the legal void in which the stateless person often exists, by identifying the problem of statelessness, promoting the acquisition of a legal identity, and providing for a legal status which will serve as a basis for access to basic social and economic rights.

What are the causes of statelessness?

Statelessness may result from a variety of causes, including conflict of laws, the transfer of territory, marriage laws, administrative practices, discrimination, lack of birth registration, denationalization (when a State rescinds an individual’s nationality), and renunciation (when an individual refuses the …

What is a Convention refugee?

The word “Convention” refers to the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. You are a Convention Refugee Abroad if you: are afraid of persecution because of your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and.

How does unhcr prevent statelessness?

1 Resolve existing major situations of statelessness. 2 Ensure that no child is born stateless. 3 Remove gender discrimination from nationality laws. 4 Prevent denial, loss or deprivation of nationality on discriminatory grounds.

When did statelessness begin?

In 1954, the United Nations adopted the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, which provides a framework for the protection of stateless people. Seven years later, the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

What is the right to a nationality and statelessness?

States shall introduce safeguards to prevent statelessness by granting their nationality to persons who would otherwise be stateless and are either born in their territory or are born abroad to one of their nationals. States shall also prevent statelessness upon loss or deprivation of nationality.

Where is statelessness most common?

IVORY COAST: Ivory Coast is home to 692,000 stateless people. Many are descended from migrants, particularly from Burkina Faso, Mali and Ghana, who were encouraged to work on Ivory Coast’s coffee and cotton plantations in the 20th century.