What is Spoudaios?
According to the LSJ(4) spoudaios (spoude) originally meant being in haste, quick, (for a person) being earnest, serious, zealous, and changed gradually to good, excellent, the sense of good becomming more and more a moral character, making therefore spoudaios synonymous with agathon.
How does Aristotle define Techne?
Technē is often used in philosophical discourse to distinguish from art (or poiesis). Aristotle saw technē as representative of the imperfection of human imitation of nature. For the ancient Greeks, it signified all the mechanic arts, including medicine and music.
What is Aristotle’s definition of virtue?
Aristotle explains what virtues are in some detail. They are dispositions to choose good actions and passions, informed by moral knowledge of several sorts, and motivated both by a desire for characteristic goods and by a desire to perform virtuous acts for their own sake.
What is a disposition according to Aristotle?
Met. 5.1022b. So according to Aristotle, a “hexis” is a type of “disposition” (diathesis) which he in turn describes in the same as follows… “Disposition” means arrangement (taxis) of that which has parts, either in space (topos) or in potentiality (dunamis) or in form (eidos).
What is morally base?
2 adhering to conventionally accepted standards of conduct. 3 based on a sense of right and wrong according to conscience. moral courage, moral law.
What techne means?
art, craft, technique
Tekhne, or techne, is derived from the Greek term technê, meaning art, craft, technique, or skill, and plays an important role in Ancient Greek philosophy (in, for instance, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle) where it is most often opposed to epistêmê, meaning knowledge.
What does techne and logos means?
Etymology. The word technology comes from two Greek words, transliterated techne and logos. Techne means art, skill, craft, or the way, manner, or means by which a thing is gained. Logos means word, the utterance by which inward thought is expressed, a saying, or an expression.
What’s the meaning of dispositional?
[ dis-puh-zish-uh-nl ] SHOW IPA. / ˌdɪs pəˈzɪʃ ə nl / PHONETIC RESPELLING. adjective. of or relating to a natural and characteristic mental or emotional outlook or mood: These results provide a framework for understanding the mechanisms that underlie chronic worry and dispositional anxiety.
What is thumos According to Plato?
Thumos (also commonly spelled ‘thymos’; Greek: θυμός) is the Ancient Greek concept of “spiritedness” (as in “a spirited stallion” or “spirited debate”). The word indicates a physical association with breath or blood and is also used to express the human desire for recognition.
What does the Greek word Orge mean?
The Greek word orge, which is the biblical word for wrath in the New Testament, is an interesting word.
What is the meaning of spoudaios in Greek?
That is, spoudaios means ‘serious’ but can also mean ‘a serious person’ or ‘a thing worthy of serious attention’; hekousios means ‘voluntary’ but can also mean ‘a voluntary thing’; etc. Ancient Greek Vocabulary: Aristotle by Rose Cherubin is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
How does the spoudaios love his nous?
By loving his nous, the spoudaios opens himself to the divine nous and by that means becomes virtuous. This was the nucleus of Aristotle’s concept of political science as a science of human action. The concept of action, as Aristotle understood it, includes both what men do and what they ought to do.
What is a spoudaiosperson?
A clue comes from another sense of the word, ‘earnest,’ ‘energetic.’ That is, the spoudaiosperson is one who, as your text says, ” has a sense of the importance of living life well and of fulfilling one’s ergonin society in accordance with the highest standards.”
What is the difference between phaulos and spoudaiosis?
Another way to see what is meant by spoudaiosis that it is often used in opposition to phaulos: ‘base’- phaulos- generally translated as ‘low,’ ‘base’ (generally your text’s translation); or ‘slight,’ ‘inefficient.’