What is Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve famous for?

What is Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve famous for?

Nilgiri biosphere reserve is an important biosphere reserve that is famous for its breath taking natural beauty, flora and fauna. It is located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills in South India and covers an area of 5520Km2. The Nilgiri Biosphere reserve was declared as world Heritage site by UNESCO in 2012.

Who established Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve?

A ecosystem of the hill ranges of Nilgiris and its surrounding environments covering a tract of over 5000 square kilometers was constituted as Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in September 1986 under Man and Biosphere Programme.

How many national parks are there in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve?

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve falls under the biogeographic region of the Malabar rain forest. The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Wyanaad Wildlife Sanctuary Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley are the protected areas present within this reserve.

What is biosphere reserve PDF?

• ‘Biosphere Reserves’ are designated natural sites, comprising terrestrial or marine or coastal. or combined ecosystems, which promote the conservation of biodiversity and minimizes the conflict between the development and nature conservation.

Which is the first biosphere reserve in world?

The UNESCO September 15, 2021, designated Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD) as the world’s first ‘five-country biosphere reserve’, according to a statement by the World Wide Fund (WWF) for Nature.

Where is Nilgiri situated?

Nilgiri is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamilnadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The nilgiri hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. The district is contained mainly within the Nilgiri Mountains Range.

Which river flows through Nilgiri?

Bhavani river originates from Nilgiri hills of the Western Ghats, enters the Silent Valley National Park in Kerala and flows back towards Tamil Nadu.

What is an Biosphere Reserve?

Biosphere reserves are ‘learning places for sustainable development’. They are sites for testing interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions between social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity.

Which is the smallest biosphere in India?

The largest Biosphere reserve in India is the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat and the smallest Biosphere Reserve in India is Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam.

How big is the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve?

The Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve (NBR), with a core zone of 1,240 km2 and a buffer zone of 4,280 km2, was created in 1986 without a transition zone.

What are biosphere reserves of Mab?

Biosphere reserves of MAB were designed with a core zone with maximum protection, a buffer zone with regulated activities, and a transition zone outside the reserve proper.

Which is the best hill station in Nilgiri District?

Kotagiri is situated at an elevation of around 1783 m above sea level and is one of the four popular hill stations located in the Nilgiri district. This picturesque hill station is bounded by verdant green tea estates, silver oak, and offers a number of trekking options.