What is inguinal region?

What is inguinal region?

Overview. The inguinal region of the body, also known as the groin, is located on the lower portion of the anterior abdominal wall, with the thigh inferiorly, the pubic tubercle medially, and the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) superolaterally.

Where is the inguinal ligament?

The inguinal ligament is a set of two bands that connect the oblique muscles of the abdomen to the pelvis, deep in the groin. They support soft tissues in the groin area and anchor the abdomen and pelvis. Inguinal hernia is a common problem in this part of the body, especially in men older than 40.

What are inguinal canals?

The inguinal canal is a passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall located just above the inguinal ligament. It starts from the internal inguinal orifice, extends medially and inferiorly through the abdominal wall layers and ends in the external inguinal orifice.

How is the inguinal canal formed?

Inguinal Region The inguinal canal runs obliquely between the external and internal inguinal rings. The anterior wall of the canal is formed by the external oblique aponeurosis; the posterior wall is formed by the inguinal ligament and conjoined tendon.

What is the inguinal canal in males?

The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall of humans and animals which in males convey the spermatic cords and in females the round ligament of the uterus. The inguinal canals are larger and more prominent in males. There is one inguinal canal on each side of the midline.

What is the function of the inguinal?

The function of the inguinal ligament is to anchor the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle to the pelvis. It also protects a number of important structures as they pass from the pelvic cavity into the thigh and inguinal canal.

What is the origin of the inguinal ligament?

The inguinal ligament or Poupart’s ligament formed from the aponeurosis of the lower border of external obliquis muscle. It has 2 surfaces concave and convex, the convex surface toward the thigh attached to the deep fascia that pulling the ligament downward.

What is Myopectineal orifice of Fruchaud?

Myopectineal orifice (MPO) is a well defined weak area in the lower anterior abdomen. Mr. Henry Fruchaud in 1956, described the Myopectineal orifice of anterior abdominal wall to explain the occurrence of groin hernia.

What is inguinal fossa?

One of two vertical valleys in the peritoneum along each side of the anterior abdominal wall. The medial inguinal fossa is the depression between the medial and lateral umbilical folds; direct inguinal hernias typically protrude through the abdominal wall in the lower end of this fossa.

¿Dónde se encuentra la región inguinal?

Anatomía de la Región Inguinal Marco Antonio Cortés Ramos Residente de 1er Año 2. Se encuentra ubicada en la porción inferior de la pared anterolateral del abdomen. Encargada de establecer el límite anterior entre la cavidad abdominal y las extremidades. La región inguinoabdominal bilateral se comporta funcionalmente como una sola. 3.

¿Qué es el canal inguinal?

Piramidal. 4. Canal Inguinal Estructura tubular oblicua que mide en promedio 4 cm de longitud. Situado entre 2 y 4 cm por arriba del arco crural, entre los orificios del anillo interno o profundo y el anillo externo o superficial. Contiene el cordón espermático o el ligamento redondo del útero. 5.

¿Cuáles son los músculos de la región inguinoabdominal bilateral?

La región inguinoabdominal bilateral se comporta funcionalmente como una sola. 3. Músculos laterales: Oblicuo externo del abdomen o mayor. Oblicuo interno del abdomen o menor. Transverso del abdomen. Músculos anteriores: Rectos del abdomen. Piramidal. 4. Canal Inguinal Estructura tubular oblicua que mide en promedio 4 cm de longitud.

¿Dónde se encuentra el anillo inguinal?

ORIFICIO SUPERFICIAL O ANILLO INGUINAL EXTERNO Está situado por arriba del borde superior del pubis por fuera de la espina del pubis. Está limitado:  Abajo: borde superior del pubis y el Pilar de Colles (11).