What is ethanolamine?

What is ethanolamine?

Ethanolamine is commonly called monoethanolamine or MEA in order to be distinguished from diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA). It is used as feedstock in the production of detergents, emulsifiers, polishes, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors, and chemical intermediates.

Is monoethanolamine a surfactant?

Ethanolamines are a family of chemicals that work as surfactants and emulsifying ingredients in personal care products and cleaning products. Common ethanolamines include monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA).

How do you handle ethanolamine?

* Do not eat, smoke, or drink where Ethanolamine is handled, processed, or stored, since the chemical can be swallowed. Wash hands carefully before eating, drinking, smoking, or using the toilet. WORKPLACE CONTROLS ARE BETTER THAN PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.

Is ethanolamine a ketone or alcohol?

Ethanolamine is a member of the class of ethanolamines that is ethane with an amino substituent at C-1 and a hydroxy substituent at C-2, making it both a primary amine and a primary alcohol. It has a role as a human metabolite, an Escherichia coli metabolite and a mouse metabolite.

What is ethanolamine made from?

ethanolamine, the first of three organic compounds that can be derived from ammonia by successively replacing the hydrogen atoms with hydroxyethyl radicals (―CH2CH2OH), the others being diethanolamine and triethanolamine.

Is monoethanolamine a carcinogen?

Influential regulatory bodies such as the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have decided that ethanolamines do not pose a cancer risk to humans. MEA has been classified in the EU for its corrosive effects.

Does ethanolamine cause hair loss?

Ethanolamine has been shown to damage hair more than ammonia, in some extreme cases as much as 85% more. And ethanolamine has been shown to cause more hair loss than ammonia.

What does monoethanolamine smell like?

Monoethanolamine (MEA) is a clear viscous, liquid organic compound with a mild ammonia-like odour, derived from ethylene oxide and ammonia.

Is ethanolamine safer than ammonia?

The Environmental Working Group website rates ethanolamine as 5-6, which is slightly worse than ammonia’s rating of 4-6.

Which companies lead the global manufacturing of ethanolamine?

BASF and Dow Chemical Corporation lead the global manufacturing of ethanolamine. Some of the other major companies involved in the manufacturing of ethanolamine in the global market are INEOS Oxide Ltd., Huntsman Corporation, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation,…

What are the different types of ethanolamine?

On the bases of organic compound in the ethanolamine, global ethanolamine market can be bifurcated into monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA).

What is the function of ethanolamine in biology?

Ethanolamine is a viscous, hygroscopic amino alcohol with an ammoniacal odor. It is widely distributed in biological tissue and is a component of lecithin. It is used as a surfactant, fluorometric reagent, and to remove CO2 and H2S from natural gas and other gases.

Is ethanolamine a phospholipid?

Ethanolamine is the second-most-abundant head group substances for phospholipids. Ethanolamine is also used in messenger molecules such as palmitoylethanolamide. Ethanolamine is also referred as a class of antihistamines including carbinoxamine, clemastine, dimenhydrinate, diphenhydramine and doxylamine.