What is Acremonium Recifei classified as?
The sexual state of Acremonium is not well-defined. Thus, it is classified among the deuteromycetes group of fungi by some authorities.
What is Acremonium species?
Acremonium is a large polyphyletic fungal genus that comprises approximately 150 species, most of them being saprobes in soil and pathogens of plants, insects, and other fungi. Some species are considered opportunists of humans and other mammals (5, 11, 18).
How do you identify an Acremonium?
Morphological description: Colonies are usually slow growing, often compact and moist at first, becoming powdery, suede-like or floccose with age, and may be white, grey, pink, rose or orange in colour. Hyphae are fine and hyaline and produce mostly simple awl-shaped erect phialides with inconspicuous collarettes.
Where does Acremonium come from?
Acremonium strictum is an environmentally widespread saprotroph species found in soil, plant debris, and rotting mushrooms. Isolates have been collected in North and Central America, Asia, Europe and Egypt.
How do I get rid of Acremonium?
Remove and discard all loose infected items such as carpet, drapes and furniture. Use a non-toxic, registered fungicide to kill Acremonium on structural areas or other materials that can’t be easily removed and thrown away.
Where is Acremonium found?
Species of Acremonium are commonly found in soil, decaying vegetation, and decaying food.
How do you treat Acremonium?
Based on anecdotal reports, treatment of most invasive acremonium infections requires a combination of surgical intervention, when possible, and a regimen of amphotericin B. Some azoles also display inhibitory activity.
Is Acremonium harmful?
Acremonium doesn’t mess around; its toxicity has anecdotally been associated with bone marrow and immune system diseases. “Acremonium is one of the causative agents of eumycotic white grain mycetoma,” according to Doctor Fungus, a nonprofit dedicated to invasive fungal infection research.
Is Acremonium a mold?
Acremonium is a group of molds that can frequently be found indoors and several of its species are known human pathogens. They have worldwide distribution and can be found in soil and on decaying plant material in nature.
What phylum is Acremonium falciforme in?
Others prefer to include it in Ascomycota phylum, due to its structural properties similar to those of this group. There are three main species of Acremonium implicated in infections: Acremonium falciforme, Acremonium kiliense, and Acremonium recifei. See the list of obsolete names and synonyms for older names of these species.
What are the characteristics of the conidia of Acremonium falciforme?
The conidia are bound by a gelatinous material. They may be single or multicellular, fusiform with a slight curve or resemble a shallow crescent. These structural properties of conidia vary depending on the species. Acremonium falciforme usually produces crescentic, nonseptate conidia. Sometimes, 2- or 3-celled conidia may also be observed.
How many species of Acremonium are there?
There are three main species of Acremonium implicated in infections: Acremonium falciforme, Acremonium kiliense, and Acremonium recifei. See the list of obsolete names and synonyms for older names of these species.
What is the difference between Acremonium kiliense and Acremonium recifei?
Acremonium kiliense, on the other hand, has short straight conidia and the conidia of Acremonium recifei are usually crescentic and nonseptate [ 462, 1295, 2144 ]. The grains (500-2000µm in size) of Acremonium spp. are regular and oval to round in shape.