What does overlap mean in sailing?
By definition, two boats are overlapped when the bow of one is over the line drawn at a right angle to the stern of the other, or if a boat in between overlaps them both. When two boats are sailing side-by-side it’s easy to tell if they are overlapped and the Racing Rules are somewhat intuitive.
What is it called when a sailboat leans over?
Heeling: This is the term for when a sailboat leans over in the water, pushed by the wind.
What is it called when the sails are parallel to the keel?
fore-and-aft sail, one of the two basic types of sailing rig, the other being the square sail. The fore-and-aft sail, now usually triangular, is set completely aft of a mast or stay, parallel to the ship’s keel, and takes the wind on either side.
What is an overlapping genoa?
A genoa sail is a type of large jib or staysail that extends past the mast and so overlaps the main sail when viewed from the side, sometimes eliminating it. It was originally called an “overlapping jib” and later a genoa jib. It is used on single-masted sloops and twin-masted boats such as yawls and ketches.
What is it called when a boat tips over?
Capsizing or keeling over occurs when a boat or ship is turned on its side or it is upside down in the water. The act of reversing a capsized vessel is called righting.
What is it called when boats tie up together?
Fenders are also used in rafting up. This is when a group of boats traveling together finds a nice place to stop for a bit, and drop anchor. They will tie up with lines from one boat to another, so they don’t drift apart, and fenders are dropped between to protect the boats from damage due to water motion.
What is a Jenny on a sailboat?
Jenny A genoa jib. A large jib that overlaps the mast, also Genny.
What does clear astern mean?
One boat is clear astern of another when her hull and equipment in normal position are behind a line abeam from the aftermost point of the other boat’s hull and equipment in normal position. The other boat is clear ahead. They overlap when neither is clear astern.
What does jibe mean in sailing?
A jibe (US) or gybe (Britain) is a sailing maneuver whereby a sailing vessel reaching downwind turns its stern through the wind, which then exerts its force from the opposite side of the vessel. For square-rigged ships, this maneuver is called wearing ship.
What are the racing rules of sailing?
The Racing Rules of Sailing govern sailboat racing around the world. They are published every four years by World Sailing (WS), and take effect on January 1 of the year following the Summer Olympic Games. Competitors in the sport of sailing are governed by a body of rules that they are expected to follow and enforce.
What happens if a boat breaks an overlap?
If this happens, then Rule 18.2 (d) will apply, which states “If there is reasonable doubt that a boat . . . broke an overlap in time, it shall be presumed that she did not.”
When do sailing rules come into effect?
They are published every four years by World Sailing (WS), and take effect on January 1 of the year following the Summer Olympic Games. Competitors in the sport of sailing are governed by a body of rules that they are expected to follow and enforce.
When does Rule 19 apply between boats at an obstruction?
19 ROOM TO PASS AN OBSTRUCTION 19.1 When Rule 19 Applies Rule 19 applies between two boats at an obstructionexcept (a) when the obstructionis a markthe boats are required to leave on the same side, or (b) when rule 18 applies between the boats and the obstructionis another boat overlappedwith each of them.