What causes colonic pseudo-obstruction?

What causes colonic pseudo-obstruction?

Infections, surgery, or certain drugs can also cause secondary intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Mutations in other genes involved in smooth muscle contraction can also cause intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Studies suggest that mutations in additional genes that have not been identified can also result in this condition.

What is the most common cause of colonic obstruction?

The most common causes of large-bowel obstructions (LBO) are colon carcinoma and volvulus. Approximately 60% of mechanical LBOs are caused by malignancies, 20% are caused by diverticular disease, and 5% are the result of colonic volvulus.

Is pseudo-obstruction motility disorder fatal?

This condition is known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also called Ogilvie syndrome or acute colonic ileus. ACPO can lead to serious complications and can be life-threatening.

What is a pseudo-obstruction?

The term “pseudo-obstruction” refers to a group of gastrointestinal disorders with similar characteristics that can have a variety of causes. The symptoms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction are caused by a problem in how the muscles and nerves in the intestines work.

What is the difference between paralytic ileus and pseudo-obstruction?

Pseudo-obstruction is clearly limited to the colon alone, whereas ileus involves both the small bowel and colon. The right colon is involved in classic pseudo-obstruction, which typically occurs in elderly bedridden patients with serious extraintestinal illness or in trauma patients.

What is treatment for intestinal pseudo obstruction?

Physical exam. Your doctor will ask about your medical history and your symptoms.

  • X-ray. To confirm a diagnosis of intestinal obstruction,your doctor may recommend an abdominal X-ray.
  • Computerized tomography (CT). A CT scan combines a series of X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional images.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Air or barium enema.
  • What is a pseudo obstruction like?

    Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food through. It is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction without any lesion in the intestinal lumen. Clinical features can include abdominal pain, nausea, severe distension, vomiting, dysphagia, diarrhea and constipation, depending upon the part

    What is chronic pseudo intestinal obstruction?

    duodenum,the first part of the small intestine

  • jejunum,the middle section of the small intestine
  • ileum,the lower end of the small intestine
  • What is pseudo obstruction syndrome?

    Pseudo-obstruction, also known as Ogilvie syndrome in the acute setting, is a disorder characterised by dilatation of the colon due to an adynamic bowel, in the absence of mechanical obstruction. The disorder most commonly affects the caecum and ascending colon, however can affect the whole bowel.