What are saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?
Saturated Hydrocarbons — contain only carbon- carbon single bonds. • Unsaturated Hydrocarbons — contain carbon- carbon double or triple bonds (more hydrogens can be added).
What is an unsaturated hydrocarbon BBC Bitesize?
The alkenes are unsaturated. This means that they have a carbon to carbon double bond. The alkanes are saturated because they only contain single bonds. An unsaturated hydrocarbon decolourises bromine water quickly.
What are saturated hydrocarbons GCSE?
The alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons: hydrocarbons , because they are compounds containing hydrogen and carbon only. saturated , because their carbon atoms are joined together by single bonds.
What is are examples of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?
Other examples of saturated compounds are octane, C8H18, and diethyl ether, C4H10O. The term “unsaturated” is used to designate a compound which contains double or triple bonds and therefore not every carbon is bonded to a different atom. Ethene, C2H4, is an example of an unsaturated hydrocarbon.
What are saturated hydrocarbons BBC Bitesize?
The alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons: hydrocarbons , because they are compounds containing hydrogen and carbon only. saturated , because their carbon atoms are joined by C-C single bonds.
What is saturated chemistry BBC Bitesize?
If a substance is soluble it will dissolve in a given amount of liquid, called the ‘solvent ‘. When no more solute can be dissolved in a solvent the solution is said to be saturated.
What is meant by a unsaturated hydrocarbon?
Unsaturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that have double or triple covalent bonds between adjacent carbon atoms. The term “unsaturated” means more hydrogen atoms may be added to the hydrocarbon to make it saturated (i.e. consisting all single bonds).
What does unsaturated mean in chemistry GCSE?
Unsaturated means something has not been bonded to the maximum amount of bonds possible, more bonds can be made. Unsaturated carbons are organic compounds that contain a carbon-carbon double bond.
What is unsaturated hydrocarbon with example?
Unsaturated ones are those which have either a double or triple bond with two adjacent carbon atoms. Some basic saturated hydrocarbon examples are methane and ethane. Unsaturated Hydrocarbon examples are Ethene and Ethyne.
What are saturated hydrocarbons Class 11?
A Saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon in which all the carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds. A hydrocarbon is an organic compound whose only constituents are carbon and hydrogen.
What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?
Saturated hydrocarbons have only single bonds and are unreactive whereas unsaturated hydrocarbons have double or triple bonds and are quite reactive. Question 2: How many carbon atoms does the simplest alkene have?
Do saturated hydrocarbons have double bonds?
Hydrocarbons in which all carbon atoms are bonded to other atoms by single covalent bonds are called saturated hydrocarbons. Thus, saturated hydrocarbons do not contain any multiple bonds, including double or triple covalent bonds.
Why are alkanes saturated hydrocarbons?
The alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons: hydrocarbons, because they are compounds containing hydrogen and carbon only saturated, because their carbon atoms are joined together by single bonds 1
What is the general formula of saturated hydrocarbons?
The general formula of saturated hydrocarbons or alkanes is CnH2n+2 where n is the number of carbon atoms in one molecule of the alkane. If an alkane has 1 carbon atom in its molecules, then n= 1, and its molecular formula will be C 1 H 2 (1)+2 or CH 4.