What are 3 major symptoms of CF?
Symptoms of CF
- Very salty-tasting skin.
- Persistent coughing, at times with phlegm.
- Frequent lung infections including pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs often caused by a bacterial or viral infection. or bronchitis.
- Wheezing or shortness of breath.
- Poor growth or weight gain in spite of a good appetite.
Who is most commonly affected by CF?
Cystic fibrosis is a rare disease. The most affected group is Caucasians of northern European ancestry. About 30,000 people in the United States have cystic fibrosis. The disease affects about 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 white newborns.
Which pathophysiological findings are characteristic in children with cystic fibrosis CF )?
Pathophysiology of Cystic Fibrosis
- Become obstructed by viscid or solid eosinophilic material in the lumen (pancreas, intestinal glands, intrahepatic bile ducts, gallbladder, and submaxillary glands)
- Appear histologically abnormal and produce excessive secretions (tracheobronchial and Brunner glands)
Which imaging modality is most commonly used to diagnose cystic fibrosis?
Although chest x-ray or CT is used more commonly for this disease, MRI can help assess damage caused by cystic fibrosis.
What does cystic fibrosis sound like?
Wheezing is a sign that a person has trouble breathing normally or “catching their breath.” Other lung sounds that people with CF sometimes make include crackling, rattling or bubbling sound (also known as rales), and stridor, which is a harsh squeak that happens with each breath.
Is CF more common in males or females?
Males account for slightly more than 50 percent of all cases of cystic fibrosis (CF) but generally have better outcomes than females until about age 20.
In what ethnic group S is CF most common?
Cystic fibrosis is a common genetic disease within the white population in the United States. The disease occurs in 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 white newborns. Cystic fibrosis is less common in other ethnic groups, affecting about 1 in 17,000 African Americans and 1 in 31,000 Asian Americans.
Can you hear cystic fibrosis with a stethoscope?
check the sound of your breathing through a stethoscope – a crackling sound can suggest lung scarring (fibrosis)
How do you diagnose cystic fibrosis?
If you show symptoms of cystic fibrosis or your baby has a positive newborn screen for CF, a sweat test at a CF Foundation-accredited care center can help provide a CF diagnosis by measuring the concentration of salt in your or your baby’s sweat. The test is painless and is the most reliable way to diagnose CF.
Does cystic fibrosis have crackles?
How to care for a patient with a visual or auditory disorder?
13. Care of the patient with a visual or auditory disorder 1. List the major sense organs and discuss their anatomical position. 2. List the parts of the eye and define the function of each part.
What is included in the chapter on visual and auditory impairment?
The chapter describes visual and auditory problems, with an emphasis on their pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, collaborative care, and nursing management. Discussion of assistive devices for visual and hearing impairment is also included.
What are the most common visual and hearing impairments?
Discussion of assistive devices for visual and hearing impairment is also included. The most common visual problem is refractive error. This defect prevents light rays from converging into a single focus on the retina.