How fast do western hemlock trees grow?
Initial growth is slow; 2-year-old seedlings are commonly less than 20 cm (8 in) tall. Once established, seedlings in full light may have an average growth rate of 60 cm (24 in) or more annually. Vegetative Reproduction- Western hemlock can be propagated by layering and from cuttings.
How can you tell Tsuga heterophylla?
Diagnostic Characters: Western Hemlock is usually recognized by its drooping top and its different-sized needles in flat sprays. Its small, woody cones are usually less than an inch (2.5cm) long. In the Landscape: The fine textured, fern-like foliage of Western Hemlock gives it a graceful, delicate appearance.
How big do western hemlock trees get?
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Western hemlock is a large, native, evergreen tree. At maturity it is generally 100 to 150 feet (30-46 m) tall and 2 to 4 feet (0.6-1.2 m) in trunk diameter . On best sites, old-growth trees reach diameters greater than 3.3 feet (1 m); maximum diameter is about 9 feet (3 m).
Are Tsuga trees poisonous?
Unlike the latter, Tsuga species are not poisonous. Eight to ten species are within the genus (depending on the authority), with four species occurring in North America and four to six in eastern Asia.
Is western hemlock a spruce?
Tsuga heterophylla, the western hemlock or western hemlock-spruce, is a species of hemlock native to the west coast of North America, with its northwestern limit on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, and its southeastern limit in northern Sonoma County, California.
Is hemlock stronger than pine?
It is much stronger and harder than pine. It is used as cribbing (jacking timbers) and in situations requiring high strength. Green hemlock is very heavy but is easily worked with tools. Once dry, hemlock is very difficult to work.
What does a hemlock tree symbolize?
Hemlock is a poisonous tree with white evergreen throughout the winter. Both symbolise the dark, depressive, sorrowful and bitter side of nature.
What is hemlock wood?
Hemlock Origin Also called Tsuga, the name Hemlock Lumber results from a plant called poison hemlock and it is because of the similarity in the smell of a plant. These are medium to large evergreen trees with scaly bark. They adapt to the cool temperatures and the species are very useful in horticulture.
What does a western hemlock tree look like?
Western Hemlock – Tsuga heterophylla Needles: Western hemlock has distinctive short, flat needles that are usually flattened on the twig, but irregular and variable in length. The needles have white lines on the lower surface. Cones: The cones are usually less than an inch long, and the scales are thin and rounded.
What are hemlock trees good for?
Western hemlock is used for general construction, roof decking and plywood, as well as for laminating stock and the production of glue-laminated and solid beams. Compared to other species, its strength and stiffness make it a preferred material for use in horizontal components and longer spans.
Does hemlock make good beams?
Re: White pine vs Hemlock hemlock is good framing wood, but the cull rate can kill you.
What does Tsuga heterophylla stand for?
Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), also called Pacific hemlock and west coast hemlock, thrives in humid areas of the Pacific coast and northern Rocky Mountains. Its potential for management as an efficient producer of fiber has long been recognized.
What is the habitat of a Tsuga plant?
Its preferred habitat is in coastal and mid-montane forests at elevations from sea level 6,000 feet (1,830 m). Over much of its range, it is a dominant, climax species. Hardy to USDA Zone 6 — cold hardiness limit between -10° and 0°F (-23.2° and -17.8°C). Tsuga heterophylla — a closeup of foliage and seed cones.
What is the difference between Thistle canadensis and Thistle heterophylla?
However, when comparing the lower side of the needles, T. canadensis has well defined narrow bands and a distinct green margin, whereas T. heterophylla has ill-defined broad bands and an indistinct green margin. Additionally, the buds of T. canadensis are ovoid and pointed, but those of T. heterophylla are globose.
What is the difference between T Rex canadensis and T Rex heterophylla?
Additionally, the buds of T. canadensis are ovoid and pointed, but those of T. heterophylla are globose. heterophylla: refers to the different sized leaves on the same twig, smaller toward the tip.