Who were Lenin and Trotsky?
Lenin and Trotsky were close both ideologically and personally during the Russian Revolution and its aftermath, and Trotskyists and some others call Trotsky its “co-leader”. Trotsky was the paramount leader of the Red Army in the direct aftermath of the Revolutionary period.
What did Lenin believe?
Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary vanguard party, as the political prelude to the establishment of communism.
What party was Leon Trotsky?
Social Democratic Party of SwitzerlandLeon Trotsky / Party
What type of government did Vladimir Lenin establish?
Following the October Revolution, Vladimir Lenin became the head of the new government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Who was Leon Trotsky and what did he do?
Lev Davidovich Bronstein (7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), better known as Leon Trotsky (/ˈtrɒtski/), was a Ukrainian-Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and politician. Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism which has become known as Trotskyism.
What did Trotsky do for Russia?
From March 1918 to January 1925, Trotsky headed the Red Army as People’s Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs and played a vital role in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War of 1917–1922. He became one of the seven members of the first Bolshevik Politburo in 1919.
What was Leon Trotsky’s role in the Russian Revolution?
They were to play a major role a few years later in creating mutiny among the military during the Communist takeover of Russia. One of the best known Russian revolutionaries at that time was Leon Trotsky. In January of 1916 Trotsky was expelled from France and came to the United States.
Who is Vladimir Lenin?
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.
Where did the term Trotskyism originate?
^ The term “Trotskyism” was first coined by the Russian liberal politician Pavel Milyukov, the first foreign minister in the Provisional Government who, in April 1917, was forced to demand that the British government release Trotsky.
Why was Trotsky considered an enemy of Lenin?
Shortly after Lenin’s death in 1924, the letter was found and publicized by Trotsky’s opponents within the Communist Party to portray him as Lenin’s enemy. The 1910s was a period of heightened tension within the RSDLP, leading to numerous frictions between Trotsky, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.