Who received the first measles vaccine?
The measles vaccine was first introduced in 1963. In that year, the Edmonston-B strain of measles virus was turned into a vaccine by John Enders and colleagues and licensed in the United States….Measles vaccine.
How many versions of measles are there?
Although at least 20 different genotypes have been isolated in various parts of the world, there is only one serotype. Measles is highly contagious, and an infected person will often transmit the virus to over 90% of unprotected close contacts.
How long did the measles vaccine take to discover?
Hilleman was credited with creating the first measles and mumps vaccine, and began researching ways to incorporate a system of immunity for each virus. Using his previous research and a rubella vaccine developed by Stanley Plotkin in 1969, he created the first successful MMR vaccine in just two years.
Are German measles and measles the same?
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. It is also called German measles, but it is caused by a different virus than measles.
What is rubella vaccine called?
Rubella can be prevented with MMR vaccine. This protects against three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella. CDC recommends children get two doses of MMR vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12 through 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age.
What is the global prevalence of measles?
Measles is common in many parts of the world, including both industrialized and developing countries. Local cases of measles are often linked to travel or exposure to recent travelers. Worldwide, more than 20 million people are infected each year. Measles is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable death among children in the world.
How dangerous is measles in the Puget Sound region?
The measles virus can remain in the air for up to two hours after someone who is infected has left the area. Snohomish County officials said most people in the Puget Sound region are vaccinated against measles, making the virus very low risk to the general public.
Is measles contagious?
Measles is a highly contagious and potentially severe disease that causes fever, rash, cough, and red, watery eyes, health officials said. It mainly spreads through the air after a person with measles coughs or sneezes. The measles virus can remain in the air for up to two hours after someone who is infected has left the area.