What is the relationship between democracy and health?
In our study, democracy showed a stronger and more significant association with indicators of health (life expectancy and infant and maternal mortality) than indicators such as gross national product, total government expenditure, or inequality in income.
What is democracy and democratic consolidation?
Democratic consolidation is the process by which a new democracy matures, in a way that it becomes unlikely to revert to authoritarianism without an external shock, and is regarded as the only available system of government within a country.
What are the 3 requirements for democracy?
One theory holds that democracy requires three fundamental principles: upward control (sovereignty residing at the lowest levels of authority), political equality, and social norms by which individuals and institutions only consider acceptable acts that reflect the first two principles of upward control and political …
What is the opposite of a democratic leader?
An autocratic leader does not take input from other members of the team when making decisions. Operations, methods, processes and delegation are all decided by the autocratic leader and the autocratic leader only. In essence, autocratic leadership is the opposite of democratic leadership.
What is the role of democracy in health?
Democratic institutions might therefore relate to health through, for example, alleviation of social disparities and income inequalities that results from greater political voice and participation. Improving the health of the worst-off can in turn improve a country’s aggregate performance in health.
Is democracy good for health?
Democratic countries with free and fair elections generally had higher overall life expectancies among residents who were HIV-free than did autocracies. Democratic experience also eased the burden of chronic, noncommunicable diseases like heart disease or stroke, according to the study.
What is ABO incompatibility?
The types are based on small substances (molecules) on the surface of the blood cells. When people who have one blood type receive blood from someone with a different blood type, it may cause their immune system to react. This is called ABO incompatibility. Due to modern testing techniques, this problem is very rare.
What blood types must be compatible to avoid ABO incompatibility?
The blood types must be compatible to avoid an ABO incompatibility reaction. For example: People with type A blood will react against type B or type AB blood. People with type B blood will react against type A or type AB blood.
What happens if a baby has ABO incompatibility?
If those antibodies reach the baby’s system, they can destroy baby’s red cells in cases where there are antigens A or B on those cells (baby with blood type A, B, AB). What happens in ABO incompatibility? If ABO incompatibility exists, there are two possible clinical scenarios:
How does ABO incompatibility cause jaundice?
How ABO Incompatibility Is Treated. If more red blood cells are broken down at once than is normal, the bilirubin that results will deposit fatty tissue under the skin, causing the yellowish hue of the skin and whites of the eyes that are the tell-tale symptom of jaundice.