What is the meaning of Golgi complex?

What is the meaning of Golgi complex?

(GOL-jee KOM-plex) A stack of small flat sacs formed by membranes inside the cell’s cytoplasm (gel-like fluid). The Golgi complex prepares proteins and lipid (fat) molecules for use in other places inside and outside the cell. The Golgi complex is a cell organelle.

What is the relationship between Golgi apparatus?

Golgi apparatus is the factory which receives proteins from the ER. It is found in the exit root of the ER. From the ER, mature proteins are transported into the Golgi apparatus. This transportation occurs by small vesicles called COPII-coated transported vesicles, which exit from ER exit sites.

What is a good analogy for Golgi complex?

Golgi apparatus analogy: the Golgi apparatus is sometimes referred to as the packing plant or the post office of the cell because it receives molecules and makes changes to them then sorts and addresses those molecules for transport to other areas of the cell, just like a post office does with letters and packages.

What happens at the Golgi complex?

The Golgi apparatus, or Golgi complex, functions as a factory in which proteins received from the ER are further processed and sorted for transport to their eventual destinations: lysosomes, the plasma membrane, or secretion. In addition, as noted earlier, glycolipids and sphingomyelin are synthesized within the Golgi.

What is the importance of the Golgi complex?

A Golgi body, also known as a Golgi apparatus, is a cell organelle that helps process and package proteins and lipid molecules, especially proteins destined to be exported from the cell.

What does a Golgi complex look like?

The Golgi apparatus (GA), also called Golgi body or Golgi complex and found universally in both plant and animal cells, is typically comprised of a series of five to eight cup-shaped, membrane-covered sacs called cisternae that look something like a stack of deflated balloons.

What is a function of the Golgi apparatus?

What is the Golgi apparatus?

What is the Golgi apparatus? The Golgi apparatus, also called Golgi complex or Golgi body, is a membrane-bound organelle found in eukaryotic cells (cells with clearly defined nuclei) that is made up of a series of flattened stacked pouches called cisternae.

What is the structure of the Golgi complex?

The Golgi complex is the site of the modification, completion, and export of secretory proteins and glycoproteins. This organelle, first described by the Italian cytologist Camillo Golgi in 1898, has a characteristic structure composed of five to eight flattened, disk-shaped, membrane-defined cisternae arranged….

What is the composition of the Golgi apparatus in the liver?

Chemically, the Golgi apparatus of the rat liver contains about 60% lipid material. The Golgi apparatus of animal cells contain phospholipids in the form of phosphatidyl-choline. Whereas, that of plants cells contains phosphatidic acid and phosphatidyl-glycerol.

What are the functions of the Golgi organelles?

The Golgi also has important functions in tagging vesicles with proteins and sugar molecules, which serve as identifiers for the vesicles so they can be delivered to the proper target. The organelle is also called the Golgi complex or Golgi body. Typically, proteins and cellular products are manufactured in the endoplasmic reticulum.