## What is subset sum problem give suitable example?

The SUBSET-SUM problem involves determining whether or not a subset from a list of integers can sum to a target value. For example, consider the list of nums = [1, 2, 3, 4] . If the target = 7 , there are two subsets that achieve this sum: {3, 4} and {1, 2, 4} . If target = 11 , there are no solutions.

**Is subset sum problem an optimization problem?**

The subset sum problem is the problem of determining whether or not a given set of integers S has a subset whose sum equals a given target value t. This problem is NP-complete. A closely related optimization problem is to find a subset whose sum is close to t.

**Why is subset sum problem NP-hard?**

The problem is NP-hard even when all input integers are positive (and the target-sum T is a part of the input). This can be proved by a direct reduction from 3SAT. It can also be proved by reduction from 3-dimensional matching (3DM): We are given an instance of 3DM, where the vertex sets are W, X, Y.

### What is sum of subset problem in algorithm?

Subset sum problem is to find subset of elements that are selected from a given set whose sum adds up to a given number K. We are considering the set contains non-negative values. It is assumed that the input set is unique (no duplicates are presented).

**How is the sum of subsets problem solved using backtracking explain with example?**

Start with an empty set. Add the next element from the list to the set. If the subset is having sum M, then stop with that subset as solution. If the subset is not feasible or if we have reached the end of the set, then backtrack through the subset until we find the most suitable value.

**Is the subset sum problem NP?**

Subset Sum is in NP. wi = W. Adding up at most n numbers, each of size W takes O(nlog W) time, linear in the input size.

#### What is the difference between NP-complete and NP-Hard?

A Problem X is NP-Hard if there is an NP-Complete problem Y, such that Y is reducible to X in polynomial time….Difference between NP-Hard and NP-Complete:

NP-hard | NP-Complete |
---|---|

To solve this problem, it do not have to be in NP . | To solve this problem, it must be both NP and NP-hard problems. |

**Is subset sum polynomial time?**

Subset sum problem is an NP-complete problem. Solving it in polynomial time means that P = NP. The number of subsets in a set of length N, is 2^N.

**Is there a subset whose sum is zero?**

In computer science, the subset sum problem is an important problem in complexity theory and cryptography. The problem is this: given a set (or multiset) of integers, is there a non-empty subset whose sum is zero? For example, given the set {−7, −3, −2, 5, 8}, the answer is yes because the subset {−3, −2, 5} sums to zero.

## What is the subset-sum problem?

The Subset-Sum Problem is to find a subset’s’ of the given set S = (S 1 S 2 S 3 …S n) where the elements of the set S are n positive integers in such a manner that s’∈S and sum of the elements of subset’s’ is equal to some positive integer ‘X.’

**What is the solution for subset sum?**

The solution for subset sum also provides the solution for the original subset sum problem in the case where the numbers are small (again, for nonnegative numbers). If any sum of the numbers can be specified with at most P bits, then solving the problem approximately with c = 2 −P is equivalent to solving it exactly.

**Is there a non-empty subset of a set of integers?**

The problem is given an A set of integers a1, a2,…., an upto n integers. The question arises that is there a non-empty subset such that the sum of the subset is given as M integer?. For example, the set is given as [5, 2, 1, 3, 9], and the sum of the subset is 9; the answer is YES as the sum of the subset [5, 3, 1] is equal to 9.