What is equivalent mass of TNT?

What is equivalent mass of TNT?

For TNT this has been accurately measured as 4686 J/g from a large sample of air blast experiments, and theoretically calculated to be 4853 J/g.

What is the composition of TNT?

What is TNT? ❖ TNT is a yellow, odorless solid that does not occur naturally in the environment. It is made by combining toluene with a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids (ATSDR 1995). ❖ It is a highly explosive, single-ring nitroaromatic compound that is a crystalline solid at room temperature (CRREL 2006).

How much energy does TNT use?

The energy released in an explosion of 1 gram of TNT is approximately 4000 Joules. It is common to measure the power of an explosion by asking how much TNT would be needed to produce an explosion as powerful.

How big is a megaton of TNT?

1,000,000 tons
words kiloton (1,000 tons) and megaton (1,000,000 tons) to describe their blast energy in equivalent weights of the conventional chemical explosive TNT.

How much energy does 1kg of TNT produce?

TNT has an energy density of 4.6 million J/kg. This means that setting off one kilo of TNT releases 4.6 million Joules of energy, which is enough to raise the temperature of a liter of water by about 1,100 degrees Celsius — or equivalently, to shoot that same liter of water about 470 kilometers straight into the air.

What is the TNT equivalent of a ton?

TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion. The ton of TNT is a unit of energy defined by that convention to be 4.184 gigajoules, which is the approximate energy released in the detonation of a metric ton (1,000 kilograms) of TNT.

How is the equivalent TNT charge weight calculated?

The equivalent TNT charge weight is calculated for each explosive. According to the analysis performed, the TNT equivalent factor varies with W / V. The predictions of the model results are compared with available models as well as with available test data and very good agreement is obtained.

What is the energy density of TNT?

The energy density of TNT is used as a reference point for many other explosives, including nuclear weapons, the energy content of which is measured in equivalent kilotons (~4.184 terajoules) or megatons (~4.184 petajoules) of TNT.

What is the TNT equivalent of explosives?

This form is part of the U.S. implementation of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and is submitted voluntarily by mines that conduct blasts with over 300 short tons “TNT equivalent” of explosives. This worksheet uses the property of energy called the heat of combustion or heat of explosion and is expressed in units of kilocalories per gram.