What happened in October 1989 for Berlin Wall?
The fall of the Berlin Wall (German: Mauerfall) on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe. The fall of the inner German border took place shortly afterwards.
What happened on 9th November 1989 Germany?
The Berlin Wall: The Fall of the Wall On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin’s Communist Party announced a change in his city’s relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country’s borders.
Why did the Berlin Wall come down in 1989?
For 27 years the Berlin Wall had physically and ideologically cleaved Europe in half, yet was brought down by a culmination of grassroots organisation and protests, Gorbachev’s liberalisation of Soviet internal and foreign policy, the blunder of a Soviet bureaucrat and the uncertainty of a border guard.
What happened in Berlin in 1989 Why was this important?
It was on 9 November 1989, five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East German leaders had tried to calm mounting protests by loosening the borders, making travel easier for East Germans.
Who broke the Berlin Wall?
Although changes in the GDR leadership and encouraging speeches by Gorbachev about nonintervention in Eastern Europe boded well for reunification, the world was taken by surprise when, during the night of November 9, 1989, crowds of Germans began dismantling the Berlin Wall—a barrier that for almost 30 years had …
What happened on 9th October 1989 in Berlin?
On 9 October 1989, the police and army units were given permission to use force against those assembled, but this did not deter the church service and march from taking place, which gathered 70,000 people. Many of those people started to cross into East Berlin, without a shot being fired.
What happened in Leipzig on October 9?
The protest on October 9 in Leipzig was not the first, but the biggest and represented a turning point, DW’s Alexander Kudascheff says in retrospect. October 9, 1989 is an important day in the history of freedom both in Germany and in Europe.
What was the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989?
Fall of the Berlin Wall. The fall of the Berlin Wall ( German: Mauerfall) on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe. The fall of the inner German border took place shortly afterwards.
What was Leipzig’s main pollution problem in 1989?
Leipzig’s main pollution problem was nearby brown coal (lignite) mines. Why was 9 October a turning point in the protests? By October 1989 there were many diverse opposition groups and, according to ex-dissident Kathrin Mahler Walther, Pastor Wonneberger was a key coordinator.