What are trainee astronauts called?

What are trainee astronauts called?

At NASA, following the selection phase, the so-called “AsCans” (Astronaut candidates) have to undergo up to two years of training/indoctrination period to become fully qualified astronauts. Initially, all AsCans must go through basic training to learn both technical and soft skills.

What is an astronaut crew called?

NASA applies the term astronaut to any crew member aboard NASA spacecraft bound for Earth orbit or beyond. NASA also uses the term as a title for those selected to join its Astronaut Corps. The European Space Agency similarly uses the term astronaut for members of its Astronaut Corps.

What is an astronaut job title?

There are 3 types of positions open for astronauts: Commander/Pilot astronauts who serve both as space shuttle commanders and pilots and are responsible for crew safety and mission success; Mission Specialist who are in charge of coordinating shuttle operations, planning and supervising crew activity, consumable usage …

What are some good astronaut names?


  • Buzz Aldrin.
  • William A. Anders.
  • Michael P. Anderson.
  • Neil Armstrong.
  • Alan Bean.
  • Guion S. Bluford, Jr.
  • Charles Bolden.
  • Frank Borman.

How are the cosmonauts trained?

They learn shuttle and space station systems, guidance and navigation, orbital dynamics, and materials processing as well as mathematics, geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, and physics. They are also trained in land and sea survival, scuba diving, space suits, and weightlessness.

What is mission specialist astronaut?

Mission specialist (MS) was a position held by certain NASA astronauts. Mission specialists were generally assigned from the astronaut office pool to a limited field of a specific mission, such as those related to medical or engineering experiments.

What are space Travellers called?

More specifically, “astronaut” refers to those from the United States, Canada, Europe, and Japan who travel into space. Those Soviet and later Russian individuals who travel into space are known as cosmonauts (from the Greek words for “universe” and “sailor”).

What does astronaut mean in Greek?

astronaut, designation, derived from the Greek words for “star” and “sailor,” commonly applied to an individual who has flown in outer space.

Who are the 5 astronauts?

NASA Astronaut Group 5

The Original 19
Group 5 astronauts. Back row, left to right: Swigert, Pogue, Evans, Weitz, Irwin, Carr, Roosa, Worden, Mattingly, Lousma. Front row, from left to right: Givens, Mitchell, Duke, Lind, Haise, Engle, Brand, Bull, McCandless
Year selected 1966
Number selected 19
← 1965 1967 →

Is the Russian word for an astronaut?

Those Soviet and later Russian individuals who travel into space are known as cosmonauts (from the Greek words for “universe” and “sailor”). China designates its space travelers taikonauts (from the Chinese word for “space” and the Greek word for “sailor”).

What is an astronaut?

While the term astronaut is sometimes applied to anyone who trains for travel into space—including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists—this article lists only professional astronauts, those who have been selected to train professionally.

What do the names of the astronauts on the ISS mean?

Names in italic are astronauts who have left Low Earth orbit, names in bold are astronauts who have walked on the moon. The flags indicate the astronaut’s primary citizenship during his or her time as an astronaut. The symbol identifies female astronauts.

What is the astronaut list?

This is an alphabetical list of astronauts, people selected to train for a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft . For a list of everyone who has flown in space, see List of space travelers by name .

How many people have been trained as astronauts?

More than 560 people have been trained as astronauts. Until recently, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military or by civilian space agencies.