What are the indications for cervical cerclage?

What are the indications for cervical cerclage?

Your health care provider might recommend cervical cerclage during pregnancy to prevent premature birth if you have: A history of second trimester pregnancy loss related to painless cervical dilation in the absence of labor or placental abruption (history-indicated cervical cerclage)

What is McDonald stitch?

A McDonald cerclage, described in 1957, is the most common, and is essentially a pursestring stitch used to cinch the cervix shut; the cervix stitching involves a band of suture at the upper part of the cervix while the lower part has already started to efface.

Why does cervical funneling happen?

The main causes of a short cervix and cervical funneling include heredity, trauma, abnormalities of the cervix or uterus, or having an insufficient cervix (also called incompetent cervix). An insufficient cervix is when your cervix opens or dilates too early and is a common cause of premature birth.

What precautions should be taken after cervical cerclage?

Hygiene – You should wear a sanitary pad if necessary, changing it as often as necessary to stay clean and dry. Do not insert anything into the vaginal, such as tampons or douches. You may take a shower or tub bath. Get more rest while lying on your left side for the next few days.

Who is not a candidate for a cerclage?

Cerclage is not recommended for women pregnant with twins because it may increase the risk for preterm birth. Antibiotic or prophylactic tocolytics fail to improve cerclage efficacy, according to the committee.

What is abdominal cerclage?

Your healthcare provider suggests that you have cerclage. This procedure closes the cervix during a pregnancy. It is done to help prevent miscarriage or premature birth. Abdominal cerclage involves making one or more incisions in the abdomen to reach the cervix. The cervix is then stitched closed.

Is a cerclage painful?

How is cervical cerclage performed? The doctor will administer you either spinal anesthesia, regional (that covers the whole region of and near the cervix) anesthesia, or general anesthesia before the procedure. This helps you remain pain-free throughout the surgery.

How do you poop after cerclage?

Do not try to push the bowel movement out if it is too hard. High-fiber foods, extra liquids, and regular exercise can help you prevent constipation. Examples of high-fiber foods are fruit and bran. Prune juice and water are good liquids to drink.

When is cervical conization indicated for cervical dysplasia?

Cervical conization is indicated in moderate and severe cervical dysplasia, i.e., grade II or III respectively. Normally, these lesions are derived from an infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

What is diagnostic Conization of the cervix?

Diagnostic conization. Diagnostic conization is indicated in the following situations: Finding epithelial cell abnormalities, in particular high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) in the absence of gross or colposcopic lesions of the cervix.

What are the methods of cervix treatment and management?

Conization of Cervix Treatment & Management 1 Cold-knife conization. Under adequate anesthesia, the patient is placed in a dorsal lithotomy… 2 Laser conization. While laser conization is effective for treating CIN,… 3 Loop electrosurgical excision procedure. LEEP… 4 Loop electrosurgical excision in “see-and-treat” settings.

What is the role of cervical conization in the treatment of adenocarcinoma?

The use of cervical conization in the management of “microinvasive” endocervical adenocarcinoma may also be an option for select women who wish to preserve fertility.