Over the last couple of decades, there has been a growing awareness for Global warming all over the world. But before analyzing the impact of global warming, one should be aware about global warming. Global warming is the slow and steady increase in the average temperature of the Earth due to concentration of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases mainly constitute of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone (“Greenhouse gas,” 2015). In the absence of these gases the average temperature of the earth would have been much lower. But over these years incessant and rapid industrialization all over the world has increased the concentration of these gases, especially carbon dioxide gas, in the atmosphere, resulting in what we term as global warming. Carbon dioxide is accumulating in the atmosphere both because of the burning of fossil fuels and forests (Agarwal & Narain, 1991).
The ramifications of global warming are mainly ocean warming, melting of the polar ice caps and increase in the average temperature of the earth. These phenomena in turn pose grave consequences which could in due time cause sea levels to rise, cause biological imbalance and result in destructive natural calamities.
Now that Greenhouse gas emissions have reached disastrous proportions, it is upon mankind to make a concerted effort to reduce such emissions. Various initiatives have been taken worldwide to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, the most significant amongst them being the Kyoto Protocol treaty adopted in Japan in the year 1997 and enforced since 2005, whereby developed countries have taken upon themselves the initiative to reduce Greenhouse gases, as these nations had been the major Greenhouse emitting nations. At the individual level also various steps such as energy conservation and green initiatives have been advocated to reduce the impact of global warming so that our future generations do not have to face the brunt of our incessant contributions to Greenhouse gases as of today.